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Researchers Investigate Evolution of Emerging Anti-Hale Region and Associated Eruptive Solar Flares
Author: | Update time:2022-09-27           | Print | Close | Text Size: A A A

Recently, Astrophysical Journal Letters published an article performed by Dr. XU Zhe, Prof. YAN Xiaoli and other co-authors from Yunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences. In this article, they revealed how an active region (AR) evolves, re-configures the upper coronal structures, and eventually contributes to solar eruptions.

It is rare that solar active regions violate the Hale–Nicholson rule, but once these regions formed, they tend to be flare-productive. By using the joint observations from the New Vacuum Solar Telescope (NVST) and the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), the researchers investigated the evolution of an emerging anti-Hale region and its associated solar flare eruption.

The researchers found that in NOAA AR 12882, magnetic energy and helicity were supplied to the corona by the new emergence and strong shearing motions of an anti-Hale bipole near the preexisting sunspot. A magnetic flux rope was formed simultaneously in the upper atmosphere as the magnetic helicity being ejected. The successful eruptions of this flux rope eventually produced C-class and M-class flares. In particular, a cusp structure was observed to form next to the post-flare loops, suggesting an interaction between the emerging anti-Hale region and the preexisting active region.

As the researchers claim, the flux emergence in a proximity to an existing sunspot and the anti-Hale orientation of a bipole, have been recognized as keys to produce strong flares. This AR 12882 hosting both characteristics at the same time, is important for understanding the origin of solar flares.

This work is supported by the National Science Foundation of China (NSFC); Yunnan Key Laboratory of Solar Physics and Space Science.

XU Zhe
Yunnan Observatories, CAS

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